Angioedema

Equip yourself. Learn about an angioedema.

Angioedema

An angioedema is a form of rapid swelling which occurs in the mucous membranes, dermis, subcutaneous fat, and submucosal tissues. The condition is similar in nature to hives (also known as urticaria), with a difference being that hives take place in the upper dermis of the skin.

Angioedema can become a medical emergency if the condition progresses rapidly. Airway obstruction can take place in such a circumstance, and potentially suffocation, as well.

Classifications

There are several different types of angioedema. Allergic angioedema is a response to an allergen. Drug-induced angioedema occurs with reactions to certain medications. Hereditary angioedema (HAE) includes the autosomal dominant inherited types. Acquired angioedema is related to lymphoma development.

Symptoms

Angioedema symptoms can differ in any given case. Some potential symptoms of the condition may include items such as: swelling (facial skin, tongue, mucous membranes of mouth and throat), partial loss of sensation in swollen areas, itchiness on the swollen areas, and urticaria.


Causes

As previously mentioned, there are different classifications of angioedema, and each form may have different causes. Some of the underlying medical causes of angioedema include: lymphoma development, and medications that interfere with production or degradation of bradykinin. Patients who are at risk for angioedema episodes may bring one on if ingesting alcohol, cinnamon, ibuprofen, or aspirin, amongst other substances.

Continue reading about potential triggers.

Diagnosis

Angioedema diagnosis may be given by a doctor or other medical professional. Blood tests such as those for liver enzymes, electrolytes, renal function, or a complete blood count may be administered. Frequently, hereditary angioedema (HAE) is not diagnosed for some time as its symptoms can make it mistaken for different disorders (allergy, etc.).

Treatment

Angioedema treatment varies based on the type in the particular case, and other factors, such as the patient. As noted earlier, quickly progressing angioedema has the potential to be a medical emergency and may be fatal. Prior to receiving treatment, the classification, severity of the condition, and other information should be found and considered.

You can read further about possible treatment and herbal treatment methods.